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Australia Geography Q/A

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  1. geography:

    1. Q: What is the largest state in Australia by land area? A: Western Australia is the largest state in Australia by land area.

    2. Q: Which desert, covering parts of Western Australia, South Australia, and the Northern Territory, is the largest in Australia? A: The Great Victoria Desert is the largest desert in Australia, spanning across Western Australia, South Australia, and the Northern Territory.

    3. Q: Name the river system that is the longest in Australia and is integral to the Murray-Darling Basin. A: The Murray-Darling River system is the longest river system in Australia and plays a crucial role in the Murray-Darling Basin.

    4. Q: What is the name of the mountain range that runs parallel to the east coast of Australia? A: The Great Dividing Range is the mountain range that runs parallel to the east coast of Australia.

    5. Q: In which territory is the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) located, housing the capital city, Canberra? A: The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is located within New South Wales and houses the capital city, Canberra.

    6. Q: What is the term for the large, elevated plateau in the eastern part of Australia, known for its rich agricultural areas? A: The Eastern Highlands is the term for the large, elevated plateau in the eastern part of Australia, known for its rich agricultural areas.

    7. Q: Name the strait that separates the island of Tasmania from the Australian mainland. A: Bass Strait separates the island of Tasmania from the Australian mainland.

    8. Q: Which bay, located in the Northern Territory, is famous for its high tides and unique natural phenomena, including the Horizontal Falls? A: King Sound is the bay located in the Northern Territory, famous for its high tides and natural phenomena like the Horizontal Falls.

    9. Q: In which state is the Simpson Desert located, known for its vast sand dunes and arid landscapes? A: The Simpson Desert is located in the states of Queensland, Northern Territory, and South Australia.

    10. Q: What is the name of the large gulf on the northern coast of Australia, known for its diverse marine life and proximity to the Great Barrier Reef? A: The Gulf of Carpentaria is the large gulf on the northern coast of Australia, known for its diverse marine life.

    11. Q: Which bay, situated in Queensland, is famous for its vibrant coral reefs and is part of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park? A: Hervey Bay, situated in Queensland, is famous for its vibrant coral reefs and is part of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.

    12. Q: Name the mountain range in New South Wales that includes the highest peak on the Australian mainland, Mount Kosciuszko. A: The Snowy Mountains is the mountain range in New South Wales that includes the highest peak, Mount Kosciuszko.

    13. Q: In which state is the Sturt Stony Desert located, characterized by its stony terrain and sparse vegetation? A: The Sturt Stony Desert is located in the states of New South Wales, South Australia, and Queensland.

    14. Q: What is the term for the large bay on the north coast of Queensland, known for its rich marine biodiversity and the Daintree Rainforest? A: Princess Charlotte Bay is the large bay on the north coast of Queensland, known for its rich marine biodiversity.

    15. Q: Name the peninsula in Western Australia known for its rugged landscapes, cliffs, and iconic pink lakes. A: The Cape Range Peninsula in Western Australia is known for its rugged landscapes, cliffs, and iconic pink lakes.

    16. Q: In which state is the Great Sandy Desert located, known for its vast sand dunes and unique flora and fauna? A: The Great Sandy Desert is located in the states of Western Australia and the Northern Territory.

    17. Q: What is the name of the large bay located in South Australia, known for its diverse ecosystems and the Coorong National Park? A: Encounter Bay is the large bay located in South Australia, known for its diverse ecosystems and the Coorong National Park.

    18. Q: In which state is the Eyre Peninsula located, known for its stunning coastline, seafood industry, and national parks? A: The Eyre Peninsula is located in the state of South Australia, known for its stunning coastline and natural attractions.

    19. Q: Name the river that flows through the city of Brisbane and into Moreton Bay. A: The Brisbane River flows through the city of Brisbane and into Moreton Bay.

    20. Q: In which state is the MacDonnell Ranges located, known for its stunning landscapes and the Larapinta Trail? A: The MacDonnell Ranges is located in the Northern Territory, known for its stunning landscapes and the Larapinta Trail.

    21. Q: What is the term for the region in the southwestern part of Western Australia, known for its Mediterranean climate and wineries? A: The Margaret River region in the southwestern part of Western Australia is known for its Mediterranean climate and wineries.

    22. Q: Name the river that forms part of the border between the states of New South Wales and Victoria. A: The Murray River forms part of the border between the states of New South Wales and Victoria.

    23. Q: In which state is the Gulf of St Vincent located, known for its deepwater port and coastal landscapes? A: The Gulf of St Vincent is located in the state of South Australia, known for its deepwater port and coastal landscapes.

    24. Q: What is the name of the large bay on the west coast of Western Australia, known for its marine life and the Ningaloo Reef? A: Exmouth Gulf is the large bay on the west coast of Western Australia, known for its marine life and the Ningaloo Reef.

    25. Q: In which state is the Lachlan River located, playing a crucial role in the Murray-Darling Basin? A: The Lachlan River is located in the state of New South Wales and plays a crucial role in the Murray-Darling Basin.

    26. Q: Name the mountain range in Queensland known for its rainforests, waterfalls, and the Great Dividing Range. A: The McPherson Range is the mountain range in Queensland known for its rainforests, waterfalls, and connection to the Great Dividing Range.

    27. Q: What is the term for the region in South Australia known for its limestone formations, sinkholes, and underground caves? A: The Limestone Coast is the term for the region in South Australia known for its limestone formations, sinkholes, and underground caves.

    28. Q: In which territory is the Macquarie Marshes located, providing essential wetland habitats for numerous bird species? A: The Macquarie Marshes are located in the state of New South Wales, providing essential wetland habitats for numerous bird species.

    29. Q: Name the gulf on the west coast of Queensland known for its tidal range, mangrove forests, and diverse birdlife. A: The Gulf of Carpentaria is the gulf on the west coast of Queensland known for its tidal range, mangrove forests, and diverse birdlife.

    30. Q: In which state is the Diamantina River located, known for its seasonal flows and connection to the Lake Eyre Basin? A: The Diamantina River is located in the state of Queensland and is known for its seasonal flows and connection to the Lake Eyre Basin.

    31. Q: What is the term for the region in New South Wales known for its extensive coal mining and Hunter Valley wines? A: The Hunter Valley is the term for the region in New South Wales known for its extensive coal mining and renowned wines.

    32. Q: Name the river that flows through the city of Adelaide and into St Vincent Gulf. A: The Torrens River flows through the city of Adelaide and into St Vincent Gulf.

    33. Q: In which state is the Gascoyne River located, playing a vital role in the irrigation of agricultural areas? A: The Gascoyne River is located in the state of Western Australia and plays a vital role in the irrigation of agricultural areas.

    34. Q: What is the term for the region in the Northern Territory known for its ancient landscapes, including the sandstone formations of Kata Tjuta? A: The Red Centre is the term for the region in the Northern Territory known for its ancient landscapes, including the sandstone formations of Kata Tjuta.

    35. Q: Name the bay in South Australia known for its unique ecosystems, including seagrass meadows and significant fish habitats. A: Spencer Gulf is the bay in South Australia known for its unique ecosystems, including seagrass meadows and important fish habitats.

    36. Q: In which state is the Murray River Mouth located, where the river meets the Southern Ocean? A: The Murray River Mouth is located in the state of South Australia, where the river meets the Southern Ocean.

    37. Q: What is the term for the region in Western Australia known for its ancient rock formations, including Wave Rock? A: The Wheatbelt is the term for the region in Western Australia known for its ancient rock formations, including Wave Rock.

    38. Q: Name the river that flows through the city of Perth and into the Indian Ocean. A: The Swan River flows through the city of Perth and into the Indian Ocean.

    39. Q: In which state is the Fitzroy River located, known for its significance to the Indigenous Bunuba people and diverse ecosystems? A: The Fitzroy River is located in the state of Western Australia, known for its significance to the Indigenous Bunuba people and diverse ecosystems.

    40. Q: What is the term for the region in Queensland known for its high plateaus, waterfalls, and the Carnarvon Gorge? A: The Central Highlands is the term for the region in Queensland known for its high plateaus, waterfalls, and the Carnarvon Gorge.

    41. Q: Name the river in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, known for its spectacular gorges, including Geikie Gorge. A: The Fitzroy River, located in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, is known for its spectacular gorges, including Geikie Gorge.

    42. Q: In which state is the Peel-Harvey Estuary located, known for its importance as a Ramsar Wetland and diverse bird habitats? A: The Peel-Harvey Estuary is located in the state of Western Australia, known for its importance as a Ramsar Wetland and diverse bird habitats.

    43. Q: What is the term for the region in South Australia known for its opal mining and unique underground dwellings in Coober Pedy? A: The Outback is the term for the region in South Australia known for its opal mining and unique underground dwellings in Coober Pedy.

    44. Q: Name the river that flows through the city of Hobart and into Storm Bay. A: The Derwent River flows through the city of Hobart and into Storm Bay.

    45. Q: In which state is the Ord River located, known for its dam and irrigation scheme supporting agriculture in the Kimberley region? A: The Ord River is located in the state of Western Australia, known for its dam and irrigation scheme supporting agriculture in the Kimberley region.

    46. Q: What is the term for the region in Tasmania known for its wilderness areas, including the Southwest National Park? A: The Tasmanian Wilderness is the term for the region in Tasmania known for its wilderness areas, including the Southwest National Park.

    47. Q: Name the river that forms part of the border between the states of New South Wales and Queensland and is known for its rapids and gorges. A: The Clarence River forms part of the border between the states of New South Wales and Queensland and is known for its rapids and gorges.

    48. Q: In which state is the Ord River Dam located, serving as a major reservoir for agricultural irrigation? A: The Ord River Dam is located in the state of Western Australia and serves as a major reservoir for agricultural irrigation.

    49. Q: What is the term for the region in Queensland known for its extensive coal deposits and significant contributions to the coal industry? A: The Bowen Basin is the term for the region in Queensland known for its extensive coal deposits and significant contributions to the coal industry.

    50. Q: Name the river in the Northern Territory known for its spectacular waterfalls, including Jim Jim Falls and Twin Falls, in Kakadu National Park. A: The Jim Jim River, located in the Northern Territory, is known for its spectacular waterfalls, including Jim Jim Falls and Twin Falls, in Kakadu National Park.