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Spain Geography Q/A

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1. Q: What is the geographical location of Spain? A: Spain is located in southwestern Europe, occupying the Iberian Peninsula alongside Portugal.

2. Q: What are the neighboring countries of Spain? A: Spain shares borders with Portugal to the west, France to the northeast, Andorra, and the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.

3. Q: How is Spain’s coastline characterized? A: Spain has a diverse coastline, featuring the rugged cliffs of the north, the Mediterranean beaches in the east, and the Atlantic coastline in the west.

4. Q: What are the major mountain ranges in Spain? A: The major mountain ranges in Spain include the Pyrenees in the north, the Cantabrian Mountains, and the Sierra Nevada in the south.

5. Q: Which river is the longest in Spain? A: The longest river in Spain is the Tagus (Tajo), flowing across the central part of the country.

6. Q: What is the capital city of Spain and where is it located? A: The capital city of Spain is Madrid, located in the central part of the country.

7. Q: Which strait separates Spain from Africa? A: The Strait of Gibraltar separates Spain from Africa, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.

8. Q: What is the largest island of Spain in the Balearic archipelago? A: The largest island in the Balearic archipelago is Mallorca.

9. Q: What is the highest peak in Spain and where is it located? A: The highest peak in Spain is Mulhacén, located in the Sierra Nevada mountain range in Andalusia.

10. Q: What is the name of the famous plateau in central Spain? A: The famous plateau in central Spain is called the Meseta.

11. Q: Which two autonomous cities are located on the northern coast of Africa and are part of Spain? A: Ceuta and Melilla are the two autonomous cities located on the northern coast of Africa and are part of Spain.

12. Q: What is the climate like in Spain? A: Spain has diverse climates, including Mediterranean along the coasts, continental in the interior, and oceanic in the northern regions.

13. Q: Which archipelago is an autonomous community of Spain and is located in the Atlantic Ocean? A: The Canary Islands, located in the Atlantic Ocean, form an autonomous community of Spain.

14. Q: What is the significance of the Ebro River in Spain? A: The Ebro River is significant as the longest river entirely within Spain, flowing from the Cantabrian Mountains to the Mediterranean Sea.

15. Q: Which two enclaves are Spanish territories on the northern coast of Africa? A: Ceuta and Melilla are Spanish enclaves on the northern coast of Africa.

16. Q: What is the name of the strait that separates the Iberian Peninsula from the Balearic Islands? A: The strait that separates the Iberian Peninsula from the Balearic Islands is the Balearic Sea.

17. Q: What are the major rivers flowing into the Atlantic Ocean from Spain? A: The major rivers flowing into the Atlantic Ocean from Spain include the Tagus, Douro, and Guadalquivir.

18. Q: Which natural border separates Spain and France in the Pyrenees? A: The natural border separating Spain and France in the Pyrenees is marked by mountain peaks and valleys.

19. Q: What is the name of the autonomous community in Spain known for its unique Basque culture? A: The autonomous community known for its unique Basque culture is the Basque Country (País Vasco).

20. Q: What is the significance of the Camino de Santiago in Spain’s geography? A: The Camino de Santiago is a historic pilgrimage route that traverses various regions of Spain, leading to the Santiago de Compostela in Galicia.

21. Q: Which river forms the natural border between Spain and Portugal? A: The Douro River forms the natural border between Spain and Portugal.

22. Q: What is the name of the strait that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean? A: The Strait of Gibraltar connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.

23. Q: Which mountain range runs along the eastern edge of Spain, separating it from France and Andorra? A: The Pyrenees mountain range runs along the eastern edge of Spain, separating it from France and Andorra.

24. Q: Which autonomous community in Spain is known for its distinct Catalan culture? A: Catalonia (Cataluña) is known for its distinct Catalan culture.

25. Q: What is the major river flowing through Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia? A: The Llobregat River is a major river flowing through Barcelona in Catalonia.

26. Q: What is the significance of the Guadalquivir River in Spain? A: The Guadalquivir River is significant as the only major navigable river in Spain, flowing through Andalusia.

27. Q: Which mountain range extends along the eastern part of the Iberian Peninsula? A: The Sistema Ibérico is a mountain range that extends along the eastern part of the Iberian Peninsula.

28. Q: Which desert, located in southeastern Spain, is one of the driest areas in Europe? A: The Tabernas Desert, located in southeastern Spain, is one of the driest areas in Europe.

29. Q: What is the name of the largest saltwater lagoon in Spain, located in the region of Valencia? A: The largest saltwater lagoon in Spain is the Albufera, located in the region of Valencia.

30. Q: Which river flows through the capital city of Madrid? A: The Manzanares River flows through the capital city of Madrid.

31. Q: What is the significance of the Sierra Morena mountain range in Spain? A: The Sierra Morena mountain range is significant for its role as a natural border between the Iberian Peninsula’s central plateau and the Andalusian region.

32. Q: Which archipelago is located off the northwest coast of Africa and is an autonomous community of Spain? A: The Canary Islands, located off the northwest coast of Africa, form an autonomous community of Spain.

33. Q: What is the terrain like in the Meseta, the central plateau of Spain? A: The Meseta is characterized by a high, flat plateau with rolling hills and low mountains.

34. Q: What is the name of the highest peak in the Pyrenees and its elevation? A: The highest peak in the Pyrenees is Aneto, with an elevation of 3,404 meters (11,168 feet).

35. Q: What is the significance of the Balearic Islands in Spain’s geography? A: The Balearic Islands are significant as a popular tourist destination in the Mediterranean, featuring diverse landscapes and cultural attractions.

36. Q: Which river flows through the city of Seville, the capital of Andalusia? A: The Guadalquivir River flows through the city of Seville, the capital of Andalusia.

37. Q: What is the climate like in the Canary Islands? A: The Canary Islands have a subtropical climate, characterized by mild temperatures, with little variation between seasons.

38. Q: What is the primary river of the Basque Country, flowing through Bilbao and San Sebastián? A: The Nervión River is the primary river of the Basque Country, flowing through Bilbao and San Sebastián.

39. Q: What is the name of the autonomous community in Spain known for its Moorish influence and the Alhambra? A: Andalusia is known for its Moorish influence and the famous Alhambra palace in Granada.

40. Q: What is the terrain like in the Sierra Nevada mountain range in Spain? A: The Sierra Nevada features rugged mountain terrain, including Mulhacén, the highest peak in mainland Spain.

41. Q: What is the primary river of Valencia, flowing through the city of Valencia? A: The Turia River is the primary river of Valencia, flowing through the city of Valencia.

42. Q: What is the name of the strait that separates Spain from Morocco and the African continent? A: The Strait of Gibraltar separates Spain from Morocco and the African continent.

43. Q: Which river forms the natural border between Spain and Andorra? A: The Valira River forms the natural border between Spain and Andorra.

44. Q: What is the significance of the Cabo de Gata-Níjar Natural Park in Spain? A: The Cabo de Gata-Níjar Natural Park is significant for its diverse landscapes, including volcanic formations, beaches, and marine life.

45. Q: Which river forms the natural border between Spain and Gibraltar? A: The Guadarranque River forms the natural border between Spain and Gibraltar.

46. Q: What is the name of the autonomous community in Spain known for its wine-producing region of La Rioja? A: La Rioja is the autonomous community known for its wine-producing region and is recognized for its vineyards and wineries.

47. Q: What is the name of the strait that separates Spain from the Balearic Islands? A: The Balearic Sea separates Spain from the Balearic Islands.

48. Q: Which river flows through the city of Zaragoza in the region of Aragon? A: The Ebro River flows through the city of Zaragoza in the region of Aragon.

49. Q: What is the name of the mountain range that extends along the eastern coast of Spain? A: The Sistema Penibético is the mountain range that extends along the eastern coast of Spain.

50. Q: What is the significance of the Delta de l’Ebre in Spain? A: The Delta de l’Ebre is significant as a wetland area and the delta of the Ebro River, providing a rich habitat for diverse wildlife and bird species.